The Mechanism Of Microorganism
Soil microbes are the core element of soil biological properties. After application of IBG bio fertilizer into the soil, beneficial microorganisms will reproduce massively under suitable conditions to form a huge number of dominant populations in the soil around the plant roots, microbes can fix free nitrogen in the air to be converted for the plant to use nitrogen compounds.
IBG bio fertilizer is applied at the main root area due to its largest number of roots of this part, and also the most suitable place for bacteria to grow. Once apply in the main root area, activated bacteria will begin to multiply, occupying the main root, and then to the sub-root derivative, then to the young roots site. Once reach the young roots, bacteria begin to secrete enzymes to enhance the absorption capacity of young roots.
IBG bio fertilizer can reduce the amount of chemical fertilizer use. This is not only because of beneficial microorganisms, through biological metabolism and decomposition of soil minerals and organic matter, can provide comprehensive, balanced nutrition, but also because microbes can reduce the loss of chemical fertilizer, chemical fertilizer to improve the effective absorption rate. Experience had shown that by using of bio fertilizer, chemical fertilizer can be reduced by 30% of the amount, without affects the yield.
In the virgin forest, all the trees are growing strong and healthy. They effectively utilise the resources provided by nature, including rain water, the minerals in the soil and nutrients recycled in the organic matter. The fallen leaves and branches are rapidly decomposed by microorganisms releasing the nutrients in them, which are then re-absorbed by the plants. The forest is thus a close system that does not require any external inputs to sustain itself. It is a clean and healthy environment that is pollution free. After the forest is cleared for plantations, the above and below ground biodiversity is upset, and nature’s cycle and balance is disrupted. The soil, if not managed properly, starts to progressively deteriorate.
When oil palm or other permanent crops are planted, chemical fertilizers are used extensively to enhance their growth and productivity. These fertilisers have the advantage of predictability and reliability. They have been formulated to meet the varying needs and growing conditions of the crops. However, prolonged use of chemical fertilizers, from one crop generation to another, can adversely affect the soil physical, chemical and biological properties and contribute to the pollution of the soil, ground water and the atmosphere. They also acidify the soils and can cause changes in the soil cationic and anionic balance, as well as the microbial populations and diversity. Overtime, the soils become less fertile and low in carbon and the plants begin to lose their capacity to resist pest and disease attacks, especially Ganoderma Basal Stem Rot, a soil-borne pathogen of oil palm, which is increasingly becoming a problem in Malaysia and Indonesia.
A better and more sustainable approach for long term soil health and productivity is to balance the use of chemical fertilizers with biofertilizers. Herein, IBG Biofertilizer, which is produced using the state-of-the-art technology, helps meet these needs. It contains beneficial microorganisms, aloe vera, seaweed extract and trace elements. The beneficial microbes help fix atmospheric nitrogen, decompose organic matter and solubilise nutrients making them more readily available to the plants. The aloe vera and seaweed extract, on the other hand, improves the organic matter and carbon content of the soil. For optimal results, IBG biofertilizer should be applied at 40 – 50 ml/palm/year in two split dressings and the chemical fertilizers can accordingly be reduced by up to 20 – 30 percent. IBG Biofertilizer has the following benefits:-
- Increases growth and yield
- Reduces the dosage of chemical fertilizers
- Improves nutrition absorption and uptake by the plants
- Increase soil microbial population
- Reduces soil-borne root diseases of plants